The National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention –
Facts and Myths on suicide 32 yrs. and updated 16 years ago have not change. Reade what the surgeon general has to say about it.
In April of 1998, the U.S. Surgeon-General commissioned report on suicide in America. Dr. David Satcher declared to a meeting of the American Society of Suicidology, “I’m convinced that we can shape a different future for this country as it relates to mental health and as it relates to suicide.”
Mental disorders also are tragic contributors to mortality, with suicide perennially representing one of the leading preventable causes of death in the United States and worldwide.
There is a lot of information and misinformation surrounding the issues of suicide. Suicide awareness groups are trying to reach the public with the proper information about suicide. Below is an excerpt of fables and facts about suicide, according to Dr Bill Blackburn, author of the 1982 book, What You Should Know About Suicide, p.44-47:
32 year old facts – review them and adapt them to 2014
Fable: People who talk about suicide won’t do it.
Fact: It is estimated that about 80% of persons who take their lives have given signals about their intentions. Suicide threats should always be taken seriously.
Fable: Mentioning suicide may give the person the idea.
Fact: For a person who is considering suicide, having someone to talk the idea out with can be a powerful preventive. If the person has not thought about suicide but is obviously anxious or depressed, to talk about suicide not being a good option can be a preventive measure. You can assume, though, that most depressed or very anxious persons have given some thought to taking their lives.
Fable: Suicide occurs without warning.
Fact: Suicide is the result of a process that in retrospect can be traced back sometimes for years. Almost always the suicidal person plans how he will take his life and then gives clues to his intentions.
Fable: All suicidal persons are mentally ill.
Fact: Although the suicidal person may be unhappy, anxious, and upset, not all persons who take their lives could be diagnosed as mentally ill.
Fable: The tendency toward suicide is inherited.
Fact: There is no firm evidence that the propensity toward suicide is passed down genetically. The phenomenon sometimes seen of suicide “running in a family” seems to be due to learned behavior rather than inherited tendencies.
Fable: Suicidal persons are completely committed to dying.
Fact: The dominant feeling of most suicidal persons is ambivalence. They want to die, but they also want to live.
Fable: When depression lifts, the suicide crisis is over.
Fact: The greatest danger of suicide is in the first three months following a deep depression. The happiness and peace of mind exhibited by some persons as they come out of a depression actually results from the fact that they have finally “resolved” their crisis by deciding to take their lives.
Fable: People who are alcoholics do not usually commit suicide.
Fact: There is a very high correlation between alcoholism and suicide, with an estimated 1/5th of all alcoholics ending their lives by suicide. Many people who are not alcoholics drink heavily prior to killing themselves.
Fable: December has the highest suicide rate of any month.
Fact: December has the lowest rate. April and May have the highest rate.
Fable: Suicide is the unpardonable sin.
Fact: Though this has been taught by various groups within the church, it is based on the notion that sins have to be forgiven prior to death or be expressed to people before death. The unpardonable sin, though, is the refusal to yield to the convicting work of the Holy Spirit which leads to salvation. So in essence, the unpardonable sin is the refusal of the gift of salvation.
Even with all the facts and fables we still need to have the knowledge to intervene in the area of suicide. Suicide awareness needs to be part of our culture.
The overall rate for suicide in America has varied little. I There are still about 12.8 deaths by suicide per 100,000 population. The same western states and Florida have the highest rates of suicide. The same means are used: guns, pills, ropes, knives, cars, jumping, and a whole array of inventive methods.
The same reasons why persons take their lives are given or inferred:
To escape an intolerable situation
To punish the survivors
To gain attention
To manipulate others
To join a deceased loved one
To avoid punishment
To be punished
Io avoid becoming a “burden”
To avoid the effects of a dreaded disease
To pursue an irrational, impulsive whim
To seek martyrdom
To express love